tv Teen Kids News NBC February 28, 2016 10:00am-10:30am CST
but as our next report shows, you don't really have to be a genius to build a rocket and successfully launch it. >> before we get into that, here's a short lesson on the history of rockets. [ asian-style music plays ] when the chinese invented the first rockets, they didn't care that their rockets blew up midair because they mostly used them to create fireworks. fast forward 2,000 years, and a british soldier named congreve turned rockets into weapons, an idea he borrowed from india. but controlling their flight was difficult, and his own soldiers were as likely to be hit by the erratically flying missiles as the enemy. rocketry really didn't take off until an american named goddard successfully launched the first liquid-fuel rocket in 1926. [ explosions ] during world war ii, england was
called the v1 and the v2. hitler hoped his "vengeance rockets" would pound the english into surrender. fortunately, they didn't. after the war, rockets began to be used for more peaceful purposes. [ up-tempo classical music plays ] >> today a new moon is in the sky -- a 23-inch metal sphere placed in orbit by a russian rocket. >> in 1957, the russians sent the first artificial satellite, sputnik i, into orbit. >> you are hearing the actual signals transmitted by the earth-circling satellite -- one of the great scientific feats of the age. [ beeping ] >> those eerie beeps from high above the earth set off the great space race between russia and the united states. and while the soviets were the first to send a man into space, america was the first to land a man on the moon. >> it's one small step for man...
[ slow orchestral music plays ] >> in 1981, nasa built the first reusable manned rocket ship, officially called the space transportation system. we know it as the space shuttle. during their 30 years in service, these amazing craft flew 135 missions. watching the giant orbiter glide back to earth was always a thrilling sight. >> main gear touchdown. >> the european space agency got late into the rocket game, but in 2014, they were able to land the robotic explorer philae on a speeding comet. >> we are sitting on the surface. philae's talking to us. more data to come.
[ mid-tempo orchestral music plays ] 5...4...3...2...1! [ cheers and applause ] >> and more recently, there was celebrating on our side of the atlantic ocean. nasa's probe new horizons crossed an ocean of deep space on a 9-year mission to fly by the dwarf planet pluto. it sent back incredible photos from 3 billion miles away. [ music continues ] one of the world's preeminent scientists, stephen hawking, sent words of congratulations. >> i would like to congratulate the new horizon's team and nasa on their pioneering decade long mission to explore the pluto system in the kuiper belt. >> professor hawking is paralyzed and speaks with the help of a computer. you can learn more about his incredible story in the hit movie
back. >> here's the challenge -- to build a rocket that will fly about 800 feet into the sky carrying a raw egg, and then the rocket has to return to earth gently enough so as not to crack the egg. here's a look at what i mean. >> 3...2...1...launch! >> yes! [ scattered cheers ] >> our rocket has to fly to an
>> while carrying an egg which cannot crack upon re-entry to the earth. >> our rocket has to come down between 46 to 48 seconds. >> it has to be under 650 grams, and there's a limit of 22 inches long. [ up-tempo music plays ] >> pretty cool, especially if you're the egg. but it's also cool if you're one of the teens who helped build and launch a rocket that can do that. and that's what the international rocketry challenge is all about. joining us from tv station waff in huntsville, alabama, are members of the rocketry team from the russellville city schools. hey, guys. why don't you introduce yourselves? >> hi. i'm katie burns. >> i'm mark keeton, the head sponsor. >> i'm andrew heath, and this is the rest of our team. >> first of all, congratulations. you not only won the team america rocketry challenge, you went on to win the international finals, as well. what was that like?
you know, after putting in all that hard work and working the long hours, after winning, it felt amazing. >> it was very overwhelming. it was just a great experience to be able to go, and it was very interesting to be able to be there and compete with the rest of the teams. >> just so everyone understands the exact rules, explain what you were judged on. >> well, we were challenged to build a rocket. that rocket had to reach an altitude of 800 feet, return withth a flight time of 4646o 48 seconds, and safely carry a raw chicken's egg. and also, in the international competition, we also had to do a 10-minute presentation along with a question-and-answer section afterwards. >> iall, how many teams were u competing against? >> to be able too to washington, there was around 700 teams, and once we got to washington, there was actually 101 teams, and in paris there was 3. >> wow!
mr. keeton, what would you say the team's secret for success was? >> i believe the team's secret to success had to be the motivation and drive that all of these students had. we went out into the field, we tested, , tested, and, i mean, they just persevered. >> andrew, katie, what got you interested in rocketry in the first place? >> well, a lot of what got me interested in rocketry had to do with one of my old science teachers. he started up robotics and rocketry teams, and he reallll got me started with getting interested in both robotics and rocketry. >> i got interested in rocketry by the best robotics team before, and they had just -- we -- they had asked me to be e it, and i thought it was gonna be a great little club to be in, so... >> so, what does a rocketry club do during the year? >> well, most teams that compete in the tarc competition start
we actually have a robotics competition that is in the fall, so we're not able to start until january. so, while this does give us a late start, once we do get started, you know, we hit the ground running. >> mr. keeton, why is rocketry important? >> well, i believe that they said it best on "statrek" -- that space is the final frontier. and we, as a human race -- we have that motivation, that drive, to want to seek out the unknown n d to expand and moveve out from where we currently are. i really don't think it's any coincidence that back when the space race was going on in the 1950s and '60s that both westerns and science fiction were immensely popular in both film and television. both have very striking similarities between the two -- westward expansion and expanding out into space. >> andrew, what would you say to
interested in joining a rocketry ub? >> well, i say, "go for it." it's been a great experience for me, and it's not something where you think you have to be rocket-scientist material. it's something that -- especially with model rocketry, it's something for all ages. it's something that's fun and easy to do. you know, we always try to tell anybody that's interested in starting up specifically a tarc team to reach out to us, and we're very open to helping them, you know, get on their feet and get going. >> terrific! and congratulations again on your big win. i'll bet you're still flying high. >> oh, yeah. >> yes. >> most definitely. >> joining a rocketry club is more than just a blast. it might launch you on a great career in science. you can follow the link on our
back. >> in schools all acacss the u.s., a major change is taking place. as daniella reports, when it comes to sports, the playing field is being leveled. >> to play sports, you often need... >> strength. >> high stamina.a. >> talent and athleticism. >> and that's just what these athletes have. but for too many students, their biggest disability isn't a physical limitation. rather, it's the lack of opportunity to participate. that, however, is changing, thanks to a movement called adapted sports. >> adapted sports are really sports that are designed specifically for kids with disabilities. >> the white house says that students with disabilities shouldn't be sidelined. they need to be given the same chance to play sports as other students.
some simple adjustments to existing programs. for example... >> if you're deaf, you could use a starting light, as opposed to the starting gun, in order to run on the track-and-field team. >> in other cases, school districts will need to set up programs that are specifically geared to disabled students. the new guidelines encourage schools to follow the lead of states like georgia. the american association of adapted sports programs has been supporting disabled athletes here for over 20 years. >> i would tell anyone who questions the athletic-ness of adapted sports very simply, "come watch a game." [ crowd cheering ] >> when i was first approached, my opinion was, "you know, i don't want my son playing in wheelchair environment." and i could have been -- nothing could have been further from the truth as far as what it's done for him and how competitive it is. >> we all know that playing a sport can bebeood for any kid. aside from the health benefits,
confidence. >> sports has taught me to be a better person, a more social person. you have friendly conversations out there on the court, but it's so taught me that, like, drive in life -- to, you know, never give up and always be the person that you want to be. and if you set our mind to it, you can do it. and i mean, that's true in sports, and that's what it's taught me. >> it's estimated that 1.5 million american kids are eligible for this kind of experience, , t it's going to take a lot of work to get school districts to make the necessary changes. and that's where terry's organization comes in. >> so we led a whole advocacy effort working with members of congress and the administration to g g some new guidelinesesut there that really tete schools what's required in terms of providing kids with disabilities an equal opportunity to play sports. >> it's all about getting everyone into the game. if you want to learn more, there's a link on our website. for "teen kids news," i'm daniella.
[ cheers and applause ] the first dome stadium in mlb history was the astrodome in houston, texas, which housed the houston astros from 1965 to 1999. it was also the first mlb stadium to ever use artificial turf, which explains the term "astroturf." because of the success of the astrodome, there are now seven different major league teams
little miss muffet did, for the most part, spiders are harmless, right? >> in the u.s., the vast majority of spiders are not dangerous to humans. >> so if we're bitten by a harmless spider, do we n%nd to apply first aid? >> yes, wash that spider bite with soap and water two or three times a day until it heals. also, you can apply a cold compre, which is basically just an ice pack. justake sure that there is a piece of cloth between your skin and the ice. >> what spiders are dangerous? >> hmm. there's two of main concern. first is the black widow. it's idedeified by this red hourglass, but it's on the underside of its body. the second is the brown recluse, which also has a marking on its back in the shape of a violin. if you think you've been stung by either of these spiders, call 911. >> you know, the more i learn about spiders, the more i'm convinced that they're just little, ugly, disgusting creatures. ugh! for "teen kids news," i'm emily. >> sharks are the fiercest
their unique sense of smell enables them to hunt down prey many miles away. however, global warming is putting sharks into hot water. rising temperatures are causing carbon-dioxide levels in the ocean to rise. the increase in carbon dioxide causes a decrease in the shark's ability to smell, and that makes it harder for them to survive. and while you might not think that's a bad thing, it really is. sharks play a vital roro in the food chain. without these apex predators, the ocean's ecosystem could collapse. and that would be a disaster, and for not just the sharks but for us, as well. >> this message is brought too you bybyhe national road safety foundation. they want you to keep your hands
>> i'm ready to go! [ engine turns over, tires squeal ] >> dude, i'm running late. i'll be there as fast as i can. [ engine revving ][ engine revving ] [ tires screech ] [ crash ] [ siren wailing ] [ cheers and applause e [ heart beating ] [ cheers and applause ] [ flatline ] >> life is not a race! go your own pace! [ cheers and applause ] >> for almost 1,000 years, it's bee the place of corononions and funerals of british royalty.
>> in this week's "uk ok" report, nicole takes us to one of london's most famous and most historic sites. [ "rule, britannia!" plays ] >> in the center of london is the area known as westminster. it's home to some of england's most iconic ructures. for example, there's the palace of westminster, more commonly known as the houses of parliament. it's the seat of british government. next to the parliament is the stately four-sided clock tower most people call "g ben," but its official name is actually elizabeth's tower. and just beyond the clock is the collegiate church of st. peter at westminster, but this beautiful building is known the world over by a far simpler
[ organ plays ] rebuilila number of times over the centururs, there's been a church here since the early 900s. [ music continues ] it became a gothic cathedral in the 11th century, when king edward iii began building the present structure. one of the abbey's first coronations was heldn 1066 -- for william the conqueror. since then, just about every english ruler was crowned sitting in king edward's chair. [ mendelssohohs "wedding march" plays ] the abbey has also been the location for many royal weddings, including that of prince william and kate middleton. one of the greatest honors britain has to offer is to be buried or commemorated here in westminster abbey. this is where queen elizabeth i lies. in fact, more than 3,000 others are buried here. in the central nave are
charles darwin. in the area known as the poets' corner, there's geoffrey chaucer, charles dickens, and rudyard kipling. perhaps the award for greatest humility goes to the 17th-century poet and playwrightht ben jonson. he had asked the king for just 18 square e ches of floor space, so he was buried standing up. there are other rich and famous luminaries who aren't buried here but had memorial services -- for examplpl winston churchill... william shakespeare... and lady di, princess of wales. while some of the greatest figures in history are under the floor, when visiting, be sure to look up. the vaulted ceilings and stained glass are incredible. in fact, those are hallmarks of the gothic style. popular in medieval times, you can recognize gothic architecture by a numbererf design elementnt arches come to a point.
there's usually a giant window in the shape of a flower, hence the name "rose window." and then there are the flying buttresses. they're less a design element and more oa structural necessity. they keep the upper walls from being pushed outward by the weight of the roof. the soaring twin towers that flank the west entrance are a relatively new addition. they were addedein the 18th century. above this entrance are 10 statues honoring martyrs of the 20th century. this one is of dr. martin luther king jr. i bet the man credited as one of the architects of civil rights never dread of holding such a prominent place in british architecture. for "teen kids news," i'm nicole. >> hope you enjoyed this week's program, and we hope you join us again next week for
new york city. (loon calling) the following organizations have provivid funding for this into the outdooror television series. (jacob) there it is. (emma) yeah, i see it. (jacob) oh my gosh. (emma) okay, you're going to need to wear this today. same reason you're wearing those steel toed things. because we're headed into that place, an industrial sand mine... to decode the science and impacts of what really goes on there. (jacob) and because we need real answers. look, there are two kinds of scientists; pseudo scientists who get an idea in their head then look for a little information
then there are the real scientists. the ones who investigate the science first and investigate the facts. which one do you want to be? (emma) real of course! that's why we'll be recordg and asking questions about the stuff that really matters you know, what's the impact on our environment? (cedric) yep, got signal feeds coming in now. whoa, that r rht there is not yourur schoolyard sandbox. good luck, guys. we need investigative answers... as we head, into the outdoors. in to the out doors grab your gear and let's explore as we discover the wild outdoors science discovery is what we do-o-o-o-o-o! into the outdoors now what you waitin for